Despite the fact that the topiary goes to Persia and Ancient Egypt with its roots, this kind of decorative cutting of bushes, trees and bushes appeared in the 15th century. It was then in France, under the reign of King Louis Fifteenth, the hedges began to adorn both Versailles itself and most of the gardens in Europe.
There was a slight decline in interest in this art form, however, to date, the topiary is experiencing a real boom all over the world. They try to master not only professionals, but also simple amateurs, who want to give their garden an individual style. Now in a fashion a combination of fluffy trees with clear outlines of figures, and this kind is considered exclusively British. It involves working on the trees and shrubs already grown.
Instructions and rules for haircuts with hedge trimmer
But, despite the apparent ease, not all tree species are suitable for creating a unique style – the main feature of the art of topiary. Gardeners wishing to apply this style, it is desirable to pay attention to such plants as:
- Boxwood (often found in gardens, despite the fact that it is poisonous and requires a hairstyle twice a year);
- Tees (similar to boxwood care, also great for topiari);
- Holly (a prickly plant, with which a magnificent live fence is obtained);
- Cotoneaster (allows you to create any shape, however requires frequent haircuts);
- Biryuchin (ideal for hedges, requires cutting in the warm period of the year).
But where to start, and what tools can an amateur gardener need to create figures from plants and trees, see there: http://www.classicadirondackchairs.com/2017/05/how-to-use-gas-powered-hedge-trimmer/.
Tool required for work:
- Garden knife (needed for trimming shoots);
- Secateurs (necessary for cropping branches);
- Hedge trimmer (needed to form crowns);
- Cutter (needed for remote trimming of branches);
- Saw (needed to remove thick branches).
Taking over the creation of topi for the first time, you should not immediately strive to make complex figures. Experts recommend starting with simple shapes – balls, cones, ovals. But initially, of course, you should prepare on paper a sketch of the work, in order to have an idea of what should happen in the final result. Also, care should be taken to ensure that the garden shears – the main tool for creating topiery – were sharpened.
During preparatory work (if there are no necessary plants on the site), you should also plant a number of juniper or oil. This is done in the early spring, or in the fall. The distance between the trees should be approximately 80 cm. For a year the plants will grow, and they will be able to test their own forces in cutting out the simplest form.
Stages of work on creating a complex figure
- In a braided wire frame, having the desired shape, a “young” plant “dresses”;
- As the plant grows, it starts to climb out of its frame with its leaves. It is important for a gardener to carefully monitor this stage of creating a topiore and cut off excess leaves and twigs even when on the other side of the frame they have not yet grown to the border;
- As a rule, the bush grows several years, and during all this time it should be given the desired shape, trimming it from one side or the other;
- As soon as the plant reaches its intended form, the steel corset is removed. Further the gardener simply looks after a figure, regularly cutting off excesses.